‘…one must go on Jihad at least once a year… One may use a catapult against them when they are in a fortress, even if among them are women and children. One may set fire on them and/or drown them.’
– Sufi Imam al-Ghazzali,
the second greatest scholar of Islam after Muhammad
Abū Ḥāmid Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad al-Ghazālī (Arabic: ابو حامد محمد ابن محمد الغزالي; c. 1058 – 18 December 1111), shortened as Al-Ghazali and known as Algazelus or Algazel to the Western medieval world, was a Muslim theologian, jurist, philosopher, and mystic of Persian descent.
The traditional date of al-Ghazali’s birth, as given by Ibn al-Jawzi, is 450 AH (March 1058–February 1059 CE), but modern scholars have raised doubts about the accuracy of Ibn al-Jawzi’s information, and have posited a date of 448 AH (1056–1057 CE), on the basis of certain statements in al-Ghazali’s correspondence and autobiography. He was born in Tabaran, a town in the district of Tus, which lies within the Khorasan Province of Iran.